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Andrew Owen

Unit 9

The Th Joinings

     78.  The left-motion th is used before and after o, r, l.  In other cases the right-motion th is used:

though, although, thought, throw, throat, thrown, author, earth, health, both, birth, path, bath, teeth, thief, theater, thin, cloth

     *The word although is a combination of all and though

     79.  When th is the only consonant stroke, as in the brief forms for that or they, or is in combination with s, the right-motion th is used, as in these and seethe.

Frequent Prefixes and Suffixes

     80.  The prefixes con, com, coun, cog, followed by a consonant, are expressed by k.  The suffix ly is expressed by a small circle, ily and ally, by a loop.

confess,  confer, convention, convey, convince, concrete, safely, solely, only, council, compel lonely, lately, early, fairly, wholly, hardly, heartily, conform, county, formally, easily, hastily, readily, family, totally, socially

     81.  In words beginning with comm or conn, the second m or n is written, thus:

common, connote, commence

     When con or com is followed by a vowel or by r or l, write kn for con and km for com, thus:

comedy, comrade, comic

     82.  After a circle vowel, ly is written on the opposite side from the vowel, thus:

dearly, daily, nearly

     83.  To express the plural of some brief forms ending in a circle and of some words ending in a loop, a slight change is made in the manner of joining s, thus:

names, letters, families

Phrasing Principles

     84.  Before words beginning with a downward character or o, r, l, the word to is expressed by t:

to see, to which, to ship, to say, to honor, to our, to pay, to work, to place

     85.  When repeated in a phrase, as is expressed by s:

as well as, as good as, as low as, as much as, as great as, as many as

     86.  After be or been, the word able is expressed by a:

have been able, would be able, should be able, will be able

87.  Frequent Phrases

Frequent Phrases

88.  Brief Forms for Common Words

Brief forms

     *The prefix form for agr-e-i, a loop written above the following character, is used to express the word agree.
     †The angle between k and p is maintained in the word complete to make a distinction between complete and keep.

89.   Reading and Dictation Practice

Reading and Dictation Practice

90.  Writing Practice

     1.  It is hard to say what is known about the model of the motor on which Horace Holiday is working.  Several people have seen it and praise it.
     2.  After Bob bought the boat he noticed that the motor would stall often.  After much analysis and pottering over it, he spotted the cause of grief.  It was a little thing, and easy to fix.
     3.  The history of this country shows that a hardy, hard-working people, gifted with vision, can achieve what they fix as a goal if the goal has meaning to the people in general.
     4.  It was a shock to her to hear that John Jones, after joking about it, really had started alone on an airplane trip to Havana and was nearing his goal.
     5.  The "Lone Eagle" did not cross the ocean merely by dreaming of it.  He made ready for a great trip by planning every detail.  Study, hard work, and the bravery to face peril without flinching helped him to achieve his aim and to place his name on the scroll of the great men of history.

     Dear Sir:  It will be necessary for me to stay here till about the end of January, as there are many matters of importance still to be finished.  I am really glad that you were able to see Mr. Hartman and close that business with him.  Such matters may easily cause hard feeling.  There is nothing at present that needs your presence here. The general situation seems to be as good as it is in the East.  I have my heart set on making big gains for the company here this month.  I am working hard to achieve all possible.  Yours truly,

Transcription Key to this Unit
- Next Unit -

About Gregg Shorthand
Editor's Note
A Talk with the Beginner
The Alphabet
Chapter I
   Unit 1
   Unit 2
   Unit 3
Chapter II
   Unit 4
   Unit 5
   Unit 6
Chapter III
   Unit 7
   Unit 8
   Unit 9
Chapter IV
   Unit 10
   Unit 11
   Unit 12
Chapter V
   Unit 13
   Unit 14
   Unit 15
Chapter VI
   Unit 16
   Unit 17
   Unit 18
Chapter VII
   Unit 19
   Unit 20
   Unit 21
Chapter VIII
   Unit 22
   Unit 23
   Unit 24
Chapter IX
   Unit 25
   Unit 26
   Unit 27
Chapter X
   Unit 28
   Unit 29
   Unit 30
Chapter XI
   Unit 31
   Unit 32
   Unit 33
Chapter XII
   Unit 34
   Unit 35
   Unit 36


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