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Unit 20

Method of Expressing R

     161.  A circle or loop is written with the left motion to express r following the vowel.

Reversing principle

     Note: The circle is placed above the next stroke after p and b, as in burn and bird, and below the next stroke in all others, as in charm and farm.
     There is a tendency in rapid writing to curve a straight line when it is followed by a circle.  Therefore the distinctive method of joining the circle when it is written with left motion after straight strokes is adopted to prevent any possibility of misreading. Compare germ and bird in the following drill.

162. Word Drill

Word drill

     163.  Between a horizontal and an upward stroke the circle is turned with a left motion on the upward stroke to express r following the vowel:

cart, courtesy, guarantee, etc.

     164.  Before straight lines, s in ser, cer, sar, and th in ther, thir, may be written contrary to the usual method of joining to express r:

desert, concert, insert, etc.

     165.  R Omitted.  In many words containing ar, er, or, ir, as in the words large, serve, warm, sort, firm, circle, and corner, the r is omitted.
     In applying this principle, advantage is simply taken of dropping a sound that ordinarily is not stressed in speaking.

166.  Word Drill

Word drill

     *The syllables tern and dern are expressed by ten.

     167.  The termination worthy, as in noteworthy and trustworthy, is expressed by thi; worth, by uth, thus:

noteworthy, trustworthy, Ainsworth

     168.  The Syllable Ther.  The syllable ther, as in either and other, is conveniently expressed by the sign for th:

-ther words

     *The left-motion th is used in father to distinguish this word from faith, which otherwise would have the same form.

169.  Reading and Dictation Practice

Reading and Dictation practice

Transcription Key to this Unit
- Next Unit -

About Gregg Shorthand
Editor's Note
A Talk with the Beginner
The Alphabet
Chapter I
   Unit 1
   Unit 2
   Unit 3
Chapter II
   Unit 4
   Unit 5
   Unit 6
Chapter III
   Unit 7
   Unit 8
   Unit 9
Chapter IV
   Unit 10
   Unit 11
   Unit 12
Chapter V
   Unit 13
   Unit 14
   Unit 15
Chapter VI
   Unit 16
   Unit 17
   Unit 18
Chapter VII
   Unit 19
   Unit 20
   Unit 21
Chapter VIII
   Unit 22
   Unit 23
   Unit 24
Chapter IX
   Unit 25
   Unit 26
   Unit 27
Chapter X
   Unit 28
   Unit 29
   Unit 30
Chapter XI
   Unit 31
   Unit 32
   Unit 33
Chapter XII
   Unit 34
   Unit 35
   Unit 36


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