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Unit 13

The Diphthongs

   112.  A pure diphthong is the union in one syllable of two simple vowel sounds uttered in rapid succession.  The diphthongs are therefore expressed by joining the circles and hooks representing the vowel sounds of which the diphthongs are composed:

Diphthongs used in words

     NOTE: The diphthong u is a combination of e and oo; ow, of ä and oo; oi, of aw and e.  The sign for the diphthong i is a large circle with an indentation—resembling a combination of ä and e, which, if uttered in rapid succession, yield a sound almost equivalent to i.  This sign is generally called "the broken circle."

     The signs are written in their sounded order.  The sign for the diphthong i is treated as a circle, and conforms to the rules for joining circles.  Note how the diphthong i is written in the words size, nice, price, mine, which appear in the following word drill.

113. Word Drill

Word drill

*See mile in the brief forms below.

     114.  For convenience, long i is expressed by the large circle in the following words:

Simplification of i in some words - life, line, quite, might

115.  Brief Forms for Common Words

Brief forms

     116.  When word forms end with the diphthong i, the double circle is used to express the diphthong and the termination ly:

lightly, kindly, rightly, nightly

117.  Reading and Dictation Practice

Reading and Dictation Practice

Transcription Key to this Unit
- Next Unit -

About Gregg Shorthand
Editor's Note
A Talk with the Beginner
The Alphabet
Chapter I
   Unit 1
   Unit 2
   Unit 3
Chapter II
   Unit 4
   Unit 5
   Unit 6
Chapter III
   Unit 7
   Unit 8
   Unit 9
Chapter IV
   Unit 10
   Unit 11
   Unit 12
Chapter V
   Unit 13
   Unit 14
   Unit 15
Chapter VI
   Unit 16
   Unit 17
   Unit 18
Chapter VII
   Unit 19
   Unit 20
   Unit 21
Chapter VIII
   Unit 22
   Unit 23
   Unit 24
Chapter IX
   Unit 25
   Unit 26
   Unit 27
Chapter X
   Unit 28
   Unit 29
   Unit 30
Chapter XI
   Unit 31
   Unit 32
   Unit 33
Chapter XII
   Unit 34
   Unit 35
   Unit 36


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